The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

AND REMEMBER that the parties to this agreement negotiated this agreement on the basis and taking into account the following objectives: ET, considering that the contracting parties agree that it is desirable to negotiate a common claim agreement that confers on Inuit rights and benefits defined in exchange for rights, rights, securities and interests based on the obligation of law; We also suggest that Canadian government negotiators have approached their task with professionalism, diligence and creativity. While the Ministers of Indian Affairs and Northern Development came and went in the 1980s, the Chief Negotiator of the Confederation, Tom Molloy, a Saskatoon-based lawyer, and lead negotiator Barry Dewar, a career agent, stayed in the process for years and ensured the continuity and memory of businesses, encompassing governments of different political convictions. When the Nunavut agreement was ratified, Mr. Molloy rightly called the agreement a “common achievement.” Section 4 of the 1993 final agreement was very clear: “The Government of Canada will recommend to Parliament, as a government measure, legislation to create, within a certain period of time, a new territory of Nunavut, with its own legislature and public government, separate from the government of the other Northwest Territories.” The new section 4 required the Government of Canada to recommend legislation to Parliament to establish the territory of Nunavut. It provided for Canada, GNWT and TFN to negotiate a political agreement on the powers and financial arrangements for the Nunavut government and when it was created. The agreement was to be concluded by April 1992, before the Inuit voted on their land rights agreement. Nunavut`s political agreement was signed on April 27, 1992 by negotiators from the three parties, the division boundary was approved in a territorial referendum on May 4, 1992, and the political agreement was signed in Iqaluit on October 30, 1992. After a two-month ratification visit by Inuit and federal negotiators to all Inuit communities, the Inuit vote on the foe claim agreement took place from November 3 to November 5, 1992. The land law contract was approved by 85% of the electorate.

During the ratification visit, it became clear that the success of the ratification vote depended to a large extent on the commitment to the creation of Nunavut. Despite this difficult context, an independent review of implementation from 1993 to 1998, published in 2000, concluded that of 193 specific commitments, 98 were “essentially” “complete,” 46 “partially complete” and 49 “largely unfully not respected.” These bald characters tell only part of the story. Relatively simple and ad hoc tasks, such as the transfer of cash and land grants to Inuit, had been completed in a timely manner, but the review noted significant problems in implementing “more flexible” commitments that required innovative and coordinated action by federal authorities. The audit team reported a “missed and slow start-up model, many unproductive and protracted discussions, declining commitments, loss of memory and business capacity, and resource consumption with no complete result.” The report recommended reviving Nunavut`s implementation body and called on the parties to agree on the “central role of the body in managing implementation efforts.” But from the beginning, it was perhaps a somewhat encouraging start. 9) NLCA insures a share of the federal government`s royalties for Nunavut Inuit from the oil, gas and mineral development on the Crown, The Nunavut land requirement AIP was signed on April 30, 1990 in Iglulik. For the first time, the Nunavut claim agreement and Nunavut gained a significant political profile in the federal system, with Minister Thomas Siddon and Inuit leaders forging a working relationship to advance the agenda.